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THE Online Pharmacy Community

A Comprehensive Guide to Selecting the Right Probiotic That Works for You

Product Name Bacteria   species (Strain) CFU on manufacture Dose Health   Benefits Align Bifidobacterium   infantis (35624) 1   x 109 (1 billion) live bacteria 1   cap QDay  -Helps   build and support a healthy digestive system Philips Colon Health Lactobacillus   gasseri(KS-13),   Bifidobacteriumbifidum   (G9-1) and Bifidobacterium   longum (MM-2) 1.5   x 109 (1.5 […]

Endocrinology Series: Hormonal Binding

Hormonal action is accomplished by the specific binding of hormones to one of two types of receptors: Membrane Are Transport proteins ( the main membrane receptors that are regulated by hormones ) Are Coupled to GTP binding proteins that usually have 7 transmembrane regions and: Activate adenylate cyclase Inactivate adenylate cyclase Activate phospholipase C Affect […]

Endocrinology Series: Growth Hormone

Growth hormone’s release is pulsatile. There are spikes of GH release with an overall low concentration in the body. Therefore, its measurement is meaningless. GH targets fat and liver cells to produce IGF-1. Insulin induced hypoglycemia stimulates GH release and hyperglycemia inhibits GH release. GH action occurs when it binds to its membrane receptor. Membrane […]

Endocrinology Series: Uses of Synthetic GnRH

Factrel Half life is 2 to 4 minutes; used for diagnostic purposes to differentiate between pituitary and hypothalamic defects in patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Lutrepulse Half life is 2 to 4 minutes; used to treat patients with reproductive disorders secondary to deficiency of GnRH or disordered secretion of GnRH. It is administered via IV with […]

Endometriosis: An Overview (Part 1)

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrium) grows in other areas of the body, causing pain, irregular bleeding, and possible infertility. The tissue growth (implant) typically occurs in the pelvic area, outside of the uterus, on the ovaries, bowel, rectum, bladder, and the delicate lining of the pelvis. […]

Endometriosis: An Overview (Part 2)

When diagnosed and treated early, prognosis is good. Medical and surgical treatments can relieve 90% of the pain of endometriosis in women. However the recurring rate for all types of conservative surgery is 20% within 5 years. Even without treatment, 3 out of 4 women with mild endometriosis can still become pregnant. Of those women […]

Endocrinology Series: Oxytocin, A Diverse Nanopeptide (Part 3)

Virtually all vertebrates have an Oxytocin like nonapeptide hormone that supports reproductive functions in a vasopressin-like nonapeptide hormone involved in water regulation. The two genes are always located close to each other (less than fifteen thousand DNA bases apart on the same chromosome and are transcribed in opposite directions). It is thought that two genes […]

Endocrinology Series: Oxytocin, A Diverse Nanopeptide (Part 2)

The hormone Oxytocin is used to: *Stimulate contractions of the uterus and smooth muscle tissue *Help strengthen labor *Reduce bleeding after the delivery of a baby Current evidence suggests that Oxytocin is involved in facilitating sperm transport within the male reproductive system and perhaps also in the female, due to its presence in seminal fluid. […]

Endocrinology Series: Oxytocin, A Diverse Nanopeptide (Part 1)

DESCRIPTION A peptide is defined as low molecular weight polymers of less than 40 amino acids joined together by amide linkages. Oxytocin, often abbreviated OXT, is included in this group and is a nonapeptide, meaning that it contains a sequence of nine peptides. The sequence is cysteine, tyrosine, isoleucine, glutamine, asparagine, cysteine, proline, leucine, and […]

Endocrinology Series: What Hormone Stimulates What Gland?

This clinical chart covers what hormone stimulates what gland? TSH Thyroid Gland ACTH Adrenal Gland LH and FSH Testes and Ovaries GH Insulin Like Growth Factor One (IGF-1) Prolactin Found an error in this article? Please contact us! Last updated October 2013